DE&I Calendar

Click on the monthly tabs below to learn more about diversity, equity, and inclusion celebrations and recognitions. 

DEI Calendar

January 1: Emancipation Proclamation Enacted 

The Emancipation Proclamation was a presidential proclamation issued by President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War. It was issued January 1, 1863, and it declared that all slaves in the Confederate states "shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free." The Emancipation Proclamation was a major turning point in the Civil War and a significant milestone in the history of the United States. It marked the beginning of the end of slavery in the United States and was a key step toward the eventual abolition of slavery throughout the country. The Emancipation Proclamation did not immediately free all slaves in the United States. It applied only to slaves in the Confederate states, which were in rebellion against the Union. However, it had a profound impact on the course of the Civil War and on the eventual outcome of the conflict. It also inspired many African Americans to join the Union Army and fight for their freedom.  

Today, the Emancipation Proclamation is remembered as a significant moment in American history and is celebrated as a symbol of freedom and equality. It is a reminder of the struggle for civil rights and the enduring value of human dignity. 

January 4: Louis Braille’s Birthday 

Louis Braille was a French educator and inventor who is best known for developing the braille system of reading and writing for blind people. He was born January 4, 1809, in Coupvray, France. He became blind at the age of three after accidentally injuring his eye with a sharp tool. Despite his disability, he excelled in his studies and showed an early aptitude for music. He was accepted into the National Institute for Blind Youth in Paris at the age of ten, and it was there that he developed the braille system.  

The Braille system is a system of raised dots that can be read by touch. It allows blind people to read and write by feeling the shapes of the dots with their fingers. Braille is still used today and is an important tool for enabling blind people to communicate and access information. Louis Braille's birthday is not a public holiday, but it is an important day for the blind community and for those who work to promote the rights and opportunities of people with disabilities. It is a day to celebrate the life and achievements of Louis Braille and to recognize the contributions that he made to education and accessibility. 

January 6: Feast of the Epiphany 

The Feast of the Epiphany, also known as Epiphany or Three Kings' Day, is a Christian holiday that commemorates the visit of the wise men, or magi, to the baby Jesus. According to the Bible, the magi were guided by a star to the birthplace of Jesus, where they offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. The Feast of the Epiphany is celebrated January 6th, twelve days after Christmas. The Feast of the Epiphany is a joyous celebration that marks the end of the Christmas season. It is a time for Christians to reflect on the significance of the magi's visit and the revelation of Jesus as the son of God. In many cultures, the Feast of the Epiphany is also a time for gift-giving and feasting, and it is often marked with parades, festivals, and other special events. 

January 13: Korean American Day 

Korean American Day is a day of celebration for Korean Americans, who are people of Korean descent who live in the United States. The day is observed on January 13th, which marks the date in 1903 when the first group of Korean immigrants arrived in Hawaii. Korean Americans have a long and rich history in the United States, and Korean American Day is a time to celebrate their contributions to American society. It is a day to honor the traditions and cultural heritage of Korean Americans and to recognize the many ways in which they have enriched American life. Korean American Day is not a national holiday, but it is recognized by some states and localities. It is often celebrated with community events, cultural festivals, and other activities that showcase the diversity and resilience of Korean American culture.  

January 14: Makar Sankranti or Maghi 

 Makar Sankranti is a Hindu festival that is celebrated in many parts of India and Nepal. It is a solar festival that marks the beginning of the sun's northward journey, or the start of the spring season. The festival is typically celebrated January 14th or 15th, although the exact date can vary. Makar Sankranti is a celebration of the sun and its warmth and light. It is a time of renewal and hope, and it is believed to bring good fortune to those who observe it. The festival is also associated with the harvest season, and it is a time for farmers to give thanks for their crops. During Makar Sankranti, people perform traditional rituals and offer prayers to the sun god. They also exchange gifts and sweets with friends and family, and participate in activities such as kite flying, bullfighting, and traditional sports. The festival is an important cultural event that is celebrated by millions of people in India and Nepal. 

January 15: Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day 

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Day is a federal holiday in the United States that is observed on the third Monday in January. It is a day to honor the life and legacy of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., a Baptist minister and civil rights activist who played a key role in the American civil rights movement. Dr. King was born in Atlanta, Georgia, January 15, 1929. He was a leader in the non-violent civil rights movement and is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs. Dr. King is best known for his role in the advancement of civil rights using nonviolent civil disobedience based on his Christian beliefs. He is famous for his "I Have a Dream" speech, which he delivered at the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C., in 1963. In this speech, he spoke of his dream of a world where people are judged not by the color of their skin, but by the content of their character. 

Dr. King was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1964 for his work to end racial segregation and discrimination. He was assassinated in 1968, but his legacy lives on through his writings, his leadership of the civil rights movement, and the many people he inspired. 

January 27: International Holocaust Remembrance Day 

International Holocaust Remembrance Day is a day of commemoration for the victims of the Holocaust, which was the systematic, state-sponsored persecution and murder of millions of Jews and other minority groups by the Nazi regime during World War II. The day is observed on January 27th, the anniversary of the liberation of the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. On International Holocaust Remembrance Day, events are held around the world to remember and honor the victims of the Holocaust and to educate people about this dark chapter in history. The day is also an opportunity to reaffirm the commitment to preventing future genocides and to promoting human rights and dignity for all. International Holocaust Remembrance Day is a day of mourning and reflection, but it is also a day of hope and renewal. It is a time to reaffirm the values of tolerance, respect, and understanding, and to work together to build a more just and compassionate world. 

All January: National Poverty in America Awareness Month 

National Poverty in America Awareness Month is a time for people to come together to raise awareness about poverty and its effects on individuals, families, and communities in the United States. This monthlong observance is an opportunity to educate people about the realities of poverty and what they can do to help those in need. It is also a time to advocate for policies and programs that can address poverty and its root causes, and to support organizations that are working to alleviate poverty and provide assistance to those in need. 

All January: National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month 

National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month is an annual awareness month that takes place in the United States. The purpose of this month is to raise awareness about the issue of human trafficking and to encourage individuals, communities, and organizations to take action to prevent and combat this crime. Human trafficking is a form of modern slavery in which people are recruited, transported, and exploited for the purposes of labor or commercial sexual exploitation. It is a serious and widespread problem that affects people of all ages, genders, and backgrounds. During National Slavery and Human Trafficking Prevention Month, events and activities are held across the country to educate people about human trafficking and how to recognize and report it. The month is also an opportunity to support survivors of trafficking and to advocate for policies and programs that can help prevent and combat this crime. 

All February: Black History Month 

Black History Month is an annual observance in the United States and Canada in February, to recognize and celebrate the contributions and achievements of African Americans throughout history. The month-long celebration originated in 1926 as "Negro History Week" by historian Carter G. Woodson, and was expanded to a month-long observance in 1976. The goal of Black History Month is to educate the public about the rich history and cultural heritage of African Americans, and to recognize their vital role in shaping the world as we know it today. 

There are several events and activities that take place in Orange County, California during Black History Month: 

  • Annual Black History Parade and Cultural Faire 
  • African American Heritage Tour of historic sites 
  • Art exhibitions featuring African American artists 
  • Performances of African American music and dance 
  • Film screenings and discussions on African American history and culture 
  • Community events and workshops on African American history and heritage. 

Check with local community centers, museums, and cultural organizations for specific events and their dates. 

February 10: Lunar New Year
The lunar new year, also known as the Chinese New Year or the Spring Festival, is a major holiday in many East Asian countries, including China, Korea, and Vietnam. It is based on the lunar calendar, which means that the date of the holiday changes from year to year. The lunar new year typically falls between January 21st and February 20th. The lunar new year is a time of celebration and renewal, and it is typically marked with feasting, gift-giving, and the performance of traditional rituals. It is a time for families to come together and to honor their ancestors, and it is also an opportunity to start the new year with good fortune and blessings. In many countries, the lunar new year is a public holiday, and people have time off work and school to celebrate with their families. The celebrations can last for several days or even weeks, depending on the country and the local customs. The lunar new year is an important cultural tradition that is celebrated by millions of people around the world. 

February 11: Tammy Baldwin’s Birthday (first openly LGBT woman elected to both houses of Congress) 

Tammy Baldwin is an American politician who was born on February 11, 1962. She is a member of the Democratic Party and currently serves as the junior United States senator from Wisconsin. Baldwin was the first openly gay person to be elected to the U.S. Congress, and she became the first openly gay person to be elected to the U.S. Senate in 2012. Prior to serving in the Senate, Baldwin was a member of the U.S. House of Representatives, representing Wisconsin's 2nd congressional district. Throughout her career, Baldwin has been a strong advocate for progressive policies on issues such as healthcare, civil rights, and the environment. 

February 14: Frederick Douglass’ Birthday 

Frederick Douglass was an American abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman who was born into slavery on February 14, 1818. He escaped slavery in 1838 and became a leading voice in the anti-slavery movement, using his own experiences as a slave to raise awareness about the injustices of the institution. He delivered powerful speeches and wrote several influential works, including his autobiography "Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass, an American Slave." Douglass was also a political activist and served in various government positions, including as an adviser to President Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War. In honor of his contributions to American history, Douglass' birthday is celebrated as Frederick Douglass Day in many states and cities in the US. 

February 13 and February 14: Fat Tuesday & Ash Wednesday 

 Mardi Gras, also known as Fat Tuesday, is a festive holiday celebrated by many people, especially in Catholic countries and communities, on the day before Ash Wednesday, which marks the beginning of the Lenten season. It is associated with feasting, partying, and indulging in rich foods before the start of the Lenten fast. Mardi Gras is most famous for its colorful parades, lively music, and unique traditions in cities such as New Orleans, Louisiana, USA and Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The exact customs and traditions surrounding Mardi Gras vary by location and culture, but it is generally considered a time for celebration and revelry before the somber period of Lent. 

Ash Wednesday is a Christian holiday that marks the beginning of Lent, a 40-day period of fasting, prayer, and reflection leading up to Easter. On Ash Wednesday, participants attend Mass and have ashes placed on their foreheads in the shape of a cross as a symbol of repentance and mortality. The ashes come from the burning of last year's Palm Sunday palm fronds, which symbolize Jesus' triumphal entry into Jerusalem. The ashes serve as a reminder of the need to turn away from sin and be reconciled with God. Ash Wednesday is a significant day of observance in many Christian denominations, including Roman Catholicism, Anglicanism, and Methodism. 

 February 15: Nirvana Day 

 Nirvana Day, also known as Parinirvana Day, is a Buddhist holiday that commemorates the death of the Buddha and his attainment of Nirvana, or ultimate liberation from the cycle of birth and death. The holiday is observed by many different schools of Buddhism, including Theravada and Mahayana, and it is typically celebrated in February or March. During Nirvana Day celebrations, Buddhists gather for religious services, offer prayers and make offerings to the Buddha, and engage in acts of generosity and compassion. The holiday is considered an opportunity to reflect on the Buddha's teachings and to deepen one's own spiritual practice. 

February 15: Susan B. Anthony’s Birthday 

Susan B. Anthony was a prominent American civil rights leader who fought for women's suffrage and equal rights in the 19th century. She was born in 1820 and died in 1906. She co-founded the National Women's Suffrage Association and was also a member of the American Anti-Slavery Society. In 1872, she was arrested for voting in the presidential election, which was illegal for women at the time. Her activism and trial helped bring national attention to the women's suffrage movement. 

All March: Irish American Heritage Month 

Irish American Heritage Month is a month-long observance in the United States, celebrated annually in March. It is a time to recognize and celebrate the contributions and achievements of Irish Americans to the country's history, culture, and society. 

All March: National Developmental Disabilities Awareness Month 

This month is a time to raise awareness and promote understanding of the challenges faced by people with developmental disabilities. 

All March: Women’s History Month/ International Women’s Day (March 8) 

This day celebrates the social, economic, cultural, and political achievements of women and marks a call to action for gender equality. 

All March: Deaf History Month 

Deaf History Month is observed in the United States from March 13 to April 15 every year. This month-long observance celebrates the contributions, achievements, and history of the deaf and hard of hearing community. It is an opportunity to raise awareness about deaf culture, sign language, and the challenges faced by the deaf community. 

Deaf History Month begins on March 13, which marks the anniversary of the founding of the first American School for the Deaf in Hartford, Connecticut in 1817. This school was a landmark institution in the United States for the education of deaf children, and it helped to establish a rich tradition of deaf education and culture. 

The month-long observance also includes April 15, which is the birthday of Dr. Thomas Hopkins Gallaudet, who was a pioneer in the education of the deaf. He co-founded the American School for the Deaf and helped to establish the first permanent school for the deaf in the United States. 

March 8: International women’s Day 

International Women's Day is celebrated annually on March 8th and is a global day celebrating the social, economic, cultural, and political achievements of women. It is also a day to highlight the ongoing fight for gender equality and to raise awareness of the challenges that women still face around the world. 

The theme for 2024 is “Women Who Advocate for Equity, Diversity and Inclusion.”

March 10: Ramadan

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting, prayer, reflection, and community. It is believed to be the month during which the Quran, the holy book of Islam, was first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad. 

During Ramadan, Muslims abstain from food, drink, and other physical needs during daylight hours, from dawn to sunset. The fast is intended to help Muslims focus on their spiritual life and develop self-discipline, patience, and compassion for those who are less fortunate. 

In addition to fasting, Muslims also engage in extra prayers and spiritual activities during Ramadan. Many Muslims also donate to charity and engage in acts of kindness and goodwill towards others. 

March 10: Harriet Tubman’s Birthday 

Harriet Tubman (1822-1913) was an American abolitionist, humanitarian, and an armed scout and spy for the Union Army during the American Civil War. Born into slavery in Maryland, Tubman escaped to freedom in the North in 1849 and later became a conductor on the Underground Railroad, a network of secret routes and safe houses used by enslaved African Americans to escape to freedom in the North. 

Tubman made at least 13 missions to rescue around 70 enslaved people, including family and friends, using the Underground Railroad. She also served as a nurse, cook, and laundress during the Civil War, and in 1863 she became the first woman to lead an armed expedition in the war, leading the Combahee River Raid, which liberated more than 700 slaves in South Carolina. 

After the Civil War, Tubman continued to be an activist for women's suffrage and civil rights, and she was known for her powerful speeches and her commitment to helping those in need. 

March 17: St. Patrick’s Day 

St. Patrick's Day is a cultural and religious holiday celebrated annually on March 17th. It is named after St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. The holiday is a public holiday in Ireland, and it is also celebrated in many other countries around the world, particularly in areas with large Irish populations. 

St. Patrick's Day has a long history dating back to the early 17th century, and it has evolved into a day of celebration of Irish culture and heritage. The holiday is marked by parades, wearing of green attire, and the consumption of traditional Irish foods and drinks such as corned beef and cabbage, soda bread, and Irish whiskey. 

St. Patrick's Day is an important day for Irish people around the world, and it is celebrated as a way to honor their heritage and culture. It is also a popular holiday for non-Irish people to join in the festivities and celebrate with their Irish friends and neighbors. 

March 19: Nowruz 

Nowruz, also spelled as Noruz or Nowrooz, is a traditional holiday celebrated by millions of people around the world, particularly in Iran, Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, and other countries with Persian or Central Asian cultural influences. Nowruz marks the first day of spring and the beginning of the new year in the Persian calendar. 

The holiday has been celebrated for over 3,000 years and is rooted in ancient Zoroastrian traditions. Nowruz is a time for renewal and rejuvenation, and is celebrated with a variety of customs and traditions, including spring cleaning, the exchange of gifts, and the preparation of traditional foods. 

Nowruz provides an opportunity for people to come together and celebrate the arrival of spring, and to reflect on the themes of renewal, growth, and the power of new beginnings. It is a time to honor cultural traditions and to celebrate the diversity of people and communities around the world. 

March 21: International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 

The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is observed annually on March 21st. The day is dedicated to promoting racial harmony and raising awareness about the negative impact of racism and discrimination on individuals and societies. 

The day was established by the United Nations General Assembly in 1966 to commemorate the Sharpeville massacre, which occurred on March 21, 1960 in South Africa. During the massacre, police fired on a peaceful demonstration against apartheid, killing 69 people and injuring many more. 

The day provides an opportunity to raise awareness about the harmful effects of racism and discrimination, and to promote efforts to eliminate these practices in all areas of society. Activities may include educational events, public forums, cultural programs, and other initiatives that encourage dialogue and promote respect for diversity. 

March 21: World Down Syndrome Day 

World Down Syndrome Day is observed annually on March 21st. The day is dedicated to raising awareness about Down syndrome, a genetic condition that affects approximately 1 in 700 babies born in the United States. 

The goal of World Down Syndrome Day is to promote acceptance, understanding, and inclusion for people with Down syndrome, and to celebrate their unique strengths and contributions to society. The day is also an opportunity to advocate for the rights of people with Down syndrome and to support their families and caregivers. 

March 18-22: National LGBTQ + Health Awareness Week 

This week raises awareness about the unique health needs and disparities faced by LGTBQ+ individuals and communities, and promotes access to quality healthcare for all.  

March 23: Purim 

Purim is a Jewish holiday that commemorates the salvation of the Jewish people in ancient Persia from a plot to destroy them. The holiday is observed on the 14th day of the Hebrew month of Adar, which usually falls in late February or March. 

According to the story, as told in the biblical Book of Esther, the Persian King Ahasuerus chose Esther, a Jewish woman, to be his queen. Esther's uncle Mordechai uncovered a plot by the king's advisor, Haman, to exterminate all of the Jews in the kingdom. With Esther's help, Mordechai was able to foil Haman's plan and save the Jewish people. 

On Purim, Jews celebrate their salvation by reading the Book of Esther, exchanging gifts of food and drink with friends and family, and engaging in festive meals and other traditions. 

March 24: Palm Sunday

Palm Sunday is a Christian holiday that falls on the Sunday before Easter. It is also known as Passion Sunday and is considered the start of Holy Week, which leads up to Easter Sunday. Palm Sunday commemorates the triumphant entry of Jesus Christ into Jerusalem, which is described in the Bible's New Testament.

The palm branches symbolize the people's recognition of Jesus as the long-awaited Messiah who had come to save them. In many Christian churches, Palm Sunday is celebrated with a procession of worshippers carrying palm branches, and the Gospel reading tells the story of Jesus' entry into Jerusalem.

March 25: Holi

Holi, also known as the Festival of Colors, is a major Hindu festival that is celebrated in India and other parts of the world.  

Holi is a celebration of spring, fertility, and the victory of good over evil. The festival is marked by the throwing of colored powders and water on friends and family, and is a time for singing, dancing, and feasting. The colors used during Holi are meant to symbolize the joy and energy of spring, and are believed to represent the diverse hues of life. 

In addition to the throwing of colors, Holi is also celebrated with traditional music, dancing, and food. Holi is a time for people to come together, forget past differences, and celebrate the arrival of spring with joy and enthusiasm. 

March 28: Maundy Thursday

Maundy Thursday is a Christian holiday that commemorates the Last Supper of Jesus Christ with his disciples, as described in the New Testament of the Bible. It falls on the Thursday before Easter Sunday, and is part of the Holy Week leading up to Easter.

The word "Maundy" comes from the Latin word "mandatum," meaning "commandment." This refers to Jesus' commandment to his disciples to love one another, which he gave during the Last Supper.

During the Last Supper, Jesus gathered with his disciples to share a meal of bread and wine. He washed their feet as a symbol of humility and service, and instituted the sacrament of Holy Communion, in which bread and wine represent his body and blood. This event is also known as the institution of the Eucharist.

Many Christian churches hold special services on Maundy Thursday, which may include foot washing ceremonies, the celebration of Holy Communion, and the stripping of the altar to symbolize the stripping of Jesus' garments before his crucifixion.

March 29: Good Friday

Good Friday is a Christian holiday that commemorates the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ. It falls on the Friday before Easter Sunday and is part of the Holy Week leading up to Easter.

According to the New Testament of the Bible, Jesus was betrayed by one of his disciples, arrested, and put on trial before the Roman authorities. He was sentenced to death by crucifixion, which was a common method of execution at the time.

On Good Friday, Christians remember Jesus' suffering and sacrifice on the cross. Many churches hold solemn services, including the reading of the passion narrative, the singing of hymns, and the veneration of the cross.

March 29: Vietnam War Veterans Day 

The day is set aside to honor the men and women who served in the U.S. armed forces during the Vietnam War, which lasted from 1955 to 1975. 

The Vietnam War was a major conflict that involved the U.S. and its allies fighting against the communist government of North Vietnam. The war was marked by intense fighting, including guerrilla warfare and air strikes, and resulted in the deaths of over 58,000 American soldiers. 

Vietnam War Veterans Day is an opportunity for Americans to thank Vietnam veterans for their service and sacrifice, and to recognize the challenges that they faced upon returning home from the war. 

Observances of the holiday may include flag-raising ceremonies, wreath-laying at memorials and cemeteries, and other tributes to Vietnam veterans. 

March 31: Easter

Easter is a Christian holiday that celebrates the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. It is the most important holiday in the Christian calendar and is observed by billions of people worldwide. Easter falls on the first Sunday following the first full moon after the vernal equinox, usually between March 22 and April 25.

The Easter story is told in the New Testament of the Bible. According to the story, Jesus was crucified on Good Friday and buried in a tomb. On the third day after his death, which is now celebrated as Easter Sunday, Jesus rose from the dead, demonstrating his victory over sin and death.

On Easter Sunday, Christians celebrate with church services, feasting, and the giving of Easter eggs and other gifts.

In addition to its religious significance, Easter is a time of renewal and new beginnings, as the arrival of spring brings new growth and life to the natural world. Many cultures and traditions celebrate Easter with a variety of customs and rituals, including egg hunts, parades, and other festivities.

March 31: Cesar Chavez Day 

 Cesar Chavez Day is observed on March 31st every year in honor of Cesar Chavez, an American labor leader and civil rights activist who co-founded the United Farm Workers (UFW) union. Cesar Chavez Day is a state holiday in California, Colorado, and Texas, and is also recognized as a commemorative holiday in several other states in the United States. 

Cesar Chavez dedicated his life to fighting for the rights of farm workers, who often faced exploitation and discrimination. He advocated for better working conditions, fair wages, and union rights for farm workers, and his efforts helped to improve the lives of many workers in the agricultural industry. 

Cesar Chavez Day is celebrated by organizing community service projects, educational programs, and other events that promote social justice and honor Chavez's legacy. The day is an opportunity to reflect on the importance of workers' rights, civil rights, and the ongoing struggle for equality and justice. 

March 31: Transgender Day of Visibility 

This day celebrates and raises awareness of the transgender community's contributions and challenges. 

Arab American Heritage Month
Arab American Heritage Month recognizes the achievements of Arab Americans, who have been making valuable contributions to every aspect of American society. It is a time to reflect on the history of Arab Americans, the issues they face in our society, and their culture and heritage.

Affordable and Fair Housing Month
Affordable and Fair Housing month celebrates the anniversary of the passage of the Fair Housing Act, the landmark civil rights law signed by President Lyndon B. Johnson on April 11, 1968, that made discrimination in housing transactions unlawful. The Fair Housing Act prohibits discrimination in housing because of race, color national origin, religion, sex (including gender identity and sexual orientation), disability, and familial status. Affordable and Fair Housing Month supports efforts towards affordable housing, fair housing programs and practices that provide safe, decent housing, and vital resources to the community. 

World Autism Awareness Day 
World Autism Awareness Day is an internationally recognized day observed on April 2nd each year. The day aims to increase public awareness and understanding of autism, promote acceptance and inclusion of people with autism, and advocate for the rights of individuals with autism.  

On this day, people around the world wear blue to show support for people with autism and their families, and events and activities are held to raise awareness and promote understanding of autism. 

Jamat UI-Vida 
Jamat UI-Vida is a special day for the Muslim community in India that is observed on the last Friday of the holy month of Ramadan. It is also known as Jumu'atul-Wida or Alvida Jumma. 

Jamat UI-Vida is considered to be one of the most significant days of Ramadan, as it marks the end of the holy month of fasting and the beginning of the preparations for the Eid-ul-Fitr festival. On this day, Muslims offer special prayers and seek forgiveness for their sins. 

The name "Jamat UI-Vida" means "Friday of Farewell", and it is believed that Prophet Muhammad delivered his last sermon on this day, before his passing. This makes the day a time of reflection and remembrance for the Muslim community. 

Laylat al-Qadr 
Laylat al-Qadr, also known as the Night of Power, is one of the most important nights in the Islamic faith. It is believed to be the night when the first verses of the Quran were revealed to the Prophet Muhammad by the Angel Gabriel. 

Laylat al-Qadr occurs during the last ten days of the Islamic month of Ramadan, and the exact date is unknown, though it is most commonly observed on the 27th night. Muslims spend the night in prayer, recitation of the Quran, and supplication, seeking forgiveness and blessings from Allah. 

According to Islamic belief, the reward of worship during Laylat al-Qadr is equivalent to worship performed over a thousand months, which is why this night is highly revered and considered a time of great spiritual significance. Many Muslims also choose to give to charity and perform good deeds during this night. 

Muslims around the world mark Laylat al-Qadr with various customs and practices, including attending special night prayers at mosques, reciting the Quran, and fasting. It is a time of deep reflection and devotion, and serves as a reminder of the importance of spiritual contemplation and prayer in the Islamic faith. 

Ramzan Id/Eid-ul-Fitar 
Ramzan Id, also known as Eid-ul-Fitar, is one of the most important festivals celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It marks the end of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting, prayer, and reflection. 

Ramzan Id is a time for Muslims to come together with family and friends to celebrate and share in the joy of the holiday. The day begins with a special prayer service, usually held in mosques or open-air spaces, where people gather to offer prayers and thanksgiving to Allah. 

After the prayer service, people exchange greetings and gifts, and children may receive small gifts or money. Families and friends may also gather for feasts and parties, sharing traditional foods such as sweets, biryani, kebabs, and other special dishes. 

One of the central messages of Ramzan Id is the importance of generosity and charity. Many Muslims use this occasion to give to those in need, and it is common to give donations to charity organizations or to provide food or other gifts to those who are less fortunate. 

LGBTQ+ National Day of Silence 
The LGBTQ+ National Day of Silence is an annual event held in the United States and other countries to bring attention to the harassment, discrimination, and bullying that many LGBTQ+ people face in their daily lives. The event is organized by GLSEN (the Gay, Lesbian, and Straight Education Network), a national organization that works to create safe and inclusive schools for all students. 

On the Day of Silence, participants take a vow of silence to symbolize the silencing of LGBTQ+ voices and the impact of bullying and harassment. 

The event is a way for LGBTQ+ individuals and allies to show solidarity and support for one another, and to promote understanding and acceptance of all people regardless of their sexual orientation or gender identity. It is an important reminder that everyone deserves to be treated with respect and dignity, and that we all have a role to play in creating a more inclusive and accepting society. 

Pi Mai 
Pi Mai, also known as Lao New Year, is the most important festival in Laos. It is celebrated for three days in mid-April, marking the end of the dry season and the beginning of the rainy season. 

The festival begins with the Maha Songkran, which is the first day of the Lao New Year. People clean their homes and visit temples to offer food and prayers to the monks. They also sprinkle water on Buddha statues and pour water on the hands of their elders as a sign of respect and to receive blessings. 

The second day of the festival is called Wan Nao, which is a day of rest and relaxation. People typically spend time with their families, play traditional games, and prepare for the festivities of the following day. 

The third and final day is called Wan Thaloeng Sok, which is a day of merit-making and charity. People make offerings to monks and release birds and fish into the wild as a symbol of freeing themselves from bad luck. They also pour water on each other as a sign of cleansing and renewal, similar to the Songkran festival in Thailand. 

Throughout the festival, people also participate in parades and cultural events, and wear traditional Lao clothing. The festival is a time for family gatherings, joyful celebration, and a renewal of cultural traditions and values. 

Songkran is a traditional festival in Thailand that marks the beginning of the Thai New Year. It is celebrated from April 13 to April 15 each year, and is also known as the "Water Festival" due to the popular tradition of throwing water on each other. 

The origin of Songkran dates back to ancient times when people would pour water on the hands of the elderly and ask for blessings. Over time, this ritual evolved into a full-fledged water fight as people started pouring water on each other as a sign of good luck and purification. 

During Songkran, people clean their homes and visit temples to offer food and flowers to Buddhist monks. They also participate in parades and cultural events, and many wear traditional Thai clothing. 

Vaisakhi, also known as Baisakhi, is an important festival celebrated in the northern Indian state of Punjab and some other parts of India, as well as in other countries such as Canada, the United States, and the United Kingdom. It is celebrated every year on April 13 or 14, and marks the Sikh New Year and the harvest season. 

For Sikhs, Vaisakhi is a significant day as it marks the day when the Khalsa was created by Guru Gobind Singh, the tenth guru of the Sikhs, in 1699. On this day, Guru Gobind Singh gathered his followers and administered Amrit, a sweetened water, to them, to form the Khalsa - a community of baptized Sikhs who pledged to follow the teachings of the Guru. 

The day is marked by several celebrations and rituals, including a procession known as Nagar Kirtan, where Sikhs gather to sing devotional hymns, play music and carry the Guru Granth Sahib, the holy book of the Sikhs, on a float. This is followed by a community lunch known as Langar, which is served to all, regardless of caste, creed or religion, as a symbol of equality and communal harmony. 

In Punjab, people also participate in traditional dance forms like Bhangra and Giddha, which are performed to the beat of dhol (drum) and other musical instruments. People also exchange greetings and sweets with each other and visit gurdwaras (Sikh temples) to seek blessings. 

Ambedkar Jayanti 
Ambedkar Jayanti is an annual public holiday in India that is celebrated on April 14th to commemorate the birth anniversary of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, who is also known as Babasaheb Ambedkar. He was a social reformer, jurist, and the architect of the Indian Constitution. 

Ambedkar was born on April 14th, 1891, in a small town in the state of Maharashtra, and he played a crucial role in the Indian freedom struggle and the upliftment of the Dalit community, who were historically oppressed and discriminated against in the Indian caste system. 

On Ambedkar Jayanti, people across India, particularly those from the Dalit community, honor Dr. Ambedkar's legacy and contributions to Indian society. The day is marked by various events, including processions, speeches, and cultural programs that highlight his teachings and ideas on social justice, equality, and human rights. 

Many people also visit the Babasaheb Ambedkar Memorial in Mumbai or other memorials and statues across the country to pay their respects and offer floral tributes. The day is also an occasion for people to reflect on the progress made in India towards social equality and to renew their commitment to working towards a more just and equal society for all. 

Choul Chnam Thmey 
Choul Chnam Thmey, also known as Khmer New Year, is the most important traditional festival in Cambodia. It is celebrated for three days, usually from April 13 to April 15, marking the end of the harvest season and the beginning of a new year according to the Khmer lunar calendar. 

The festival begins with Maha Songkran, which is the first day of the Khmer New Year. People clean their homes and prepare offerings of fruits, flowers, and other items to place on family altars. They also visit their local pagodas to offer food to the monks and pray for good luck and blessings for the coming year. 

The second day of the festival is called Vanabot, which is a day of giving. People exchange gifts and make offerings to the less fortunate in their communities, such as the elderly and the poor. 

The third and final day is called Leung Sakk, which is a time to seek blessings from ancestors and the gods. People build small mountains made of sand and decorate them with flags and flowers. They also release birds and fish into the wild as a symbol of freeing themselves from bad luck. 

Throughout the festival, people play traditional games, such as the Bas Angkunh "seed throwing" game, and participate in parades and other cultural events. The festival is a time for family gatherings and joyful celebration, and is an important part of Cambodian culture and tradition. 

Mesadi or Vaisakhadi is a festival celebrated in the Indian state of West Bengal, particularly by the Bengali Hindu community. It marks the beginning of the Bengali New Year and falls on the first day of the month of Baisakh, which usually falls on April 14 or 15 in the Gregorian calendar. 

On Mesadi, people dress up in new clothes, decorate their homes and prepare special delicacies. The day starts with prayers and offerings to the deities in temples and homes. People also visit each other's homes to exchange greetings and sweets. 

One of the important traditions associated with Mesadi is the 'Charak Puja'. This is a ritualistic worship of the Hindu god Shiva, where devotees pierce their skin with hooks and ropes and are hoisted up on a pole, symbolizing the triumph of good over evil. It is believed to be a form of penance and an act of seeking blessings from the deity. 

Mahavir Jayanti 
Mahavir Jayanti is an annual festival celebrated by the Jain community in India and around the world. It is a significant day for Jains as it commemorates the birth anniversary of Lord Mahavir, the 24th and the last Tirthankara (enlightened soul) of Jainism. The festival is usually celebrated in March or April according to the Gregorian calendar. 

Lord Mahavir was born in the 6th century BCE in the ancient kingdom of Vaishali, in what is now Bihar, India. He is known for his teachings on non-violence, compassion, and self-discipline, which form the core principles of Jainism. His teachings have had a profound impact on Indian society and culture. 

On Mahavir Jayanti, Jains visit temples to offer prayers and perform rituals. They also take part in processions, where an idol of Lord Mahavir is carried on a decorated chariot, accompanied by devotees singing devotional songs. The festival is also marked by lectures and sermons on the life and teachings of Lord Mahavir, and by community meals where food is served to everyone, regardless of caste or religion. 

Jains also observe a day-long fast on Mahavir Jayanti as a way of paying tribute to Lord Mahavir and seeking his blessings. Many Jains also engage in charitable acts, such as donating food, clothes, or money to the poor and needy. 

Passover, also known as Pesach in Hebrew, is a major Jewish holiday that commemorates the liberation of the Israelites from slavery in ancient Egypt. The holiday usually falls in March or April and lasts for seven or eight days. 

The Passover story is told in the biblical book of Exodus. According to the story, the Israelites were enslaved in Egypt and God sent Moses to lead them out of slavery and to the promised land. Before leaving Egypt, God inflicted ten plagues on the Egyptians, including the death of all firstborn sons, but passed over the Israelite homes marked with the blood of a lamb. 

During Passover, Jewish families gather for the Seder, a festive meal that retells the story of the Israelites' liberation from Egypt. The Seder includes the reading of the Haggadah, a book that recounts the Passover story, and the consumption of symbolic foods, including matzah (unleavened bread), maror (bitter herbs), and charoset (a sweet mixture of fruit and nuts). 

Throughout Passover, Jews refrain from eating leavened bread and other foods that are forbidden during the holiday. 

Earth Day 
Earth Day is an annual event celebrated on April 22nd that focuses on environmental protection and sustainability. It began in 1970 as a way to raise awareness about the impact of human activities on the environment, and has since become a global movement with millions of people around the world participating in various activities and events. 

On Earth Day, individuals and organizations participate in activities such as planting trees, cleaning up litter, organizing educational events, and advocating for policies that promote environmental sustainability. The day is an opportunity to reflect on the ways in which human activity affects the planet, and to take action to protect and preserve the environment. 

The theme of Earth Day changes from year to year, but the overall goal remains the same - to raise awareness about environmental issues and to encourage people to take action to protect the planet. 

Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day 
Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day is observed on April 24th each year to honor the victims of the Armenian Genocide, which began in 1915 during the Ottoman Empire and resulted in the deaths of an estimated 1.5 million Armenians. 

On April 24, 1915, Ottoman authorities arrested and deported hundreds of Armenian intellectuals and community leaders in Constantinople, which is now Istanbul, Turkey. This event is considered the start of the genocide. Over the next several years, Armenian people were forced from their homes and communities, subjected to brutal violence and mass killings, and forced to march to concentration camps where many perished from starvation, dehydration, and disease. 

Armenian Genocide Remembrance Day is a time for people around the world to remember the victims of this tragedy, to honor the survivors, and to call for recognition of the atrocities committed. It is an opportunity to raise awareness about the Armenian Genocide, to educate people about the ongoing impact of this tragedy, and to advocate for justice and accountability. 

Denim Day 
Denim Day is an annual campaign that takes place on the last Wednesday of April each year to raise awareness about sexual assault and to show support for survivors. The campaign began in 1999 after a ruling by the Italian Supreme Court overturned a rape conviction because the victim was wearing tight jeans and the court believed that she must have helped her attacker remove them, implying consent. 

As a response to this ruling, the Women's Rights Foundation in Los Angeles organized a protest in which participants wore jeans to show support for the victim and to protest the harmful and victim-blaming attitudes that contribute to sexual violence. The protest became an annual event, and today Denim Day is observed in countries around the world. 

On Denim Day, participants are encouraged to wear jeans to work, school, or other public places as a symbol of solidarity with survivors of sexual assault. The campaign is also an opportunity to raise awareness about the issue of sexual violence, to educate people about the harmful myths and stereotypes that contribute to victim-blaming, and to promote a culture of consent and respect. 

Gathering of Nations 
The Gathering of Nations is an annual Native American powwow held in Albuquerque, New Mexico, United States. It is considered one of the largest powwows in North America, and is attended by thousands of Native American and Indigenous people from around the world. 
It is a celebration of Indigenous culture, heritage, and traditions, and serves as a platform for Native American communities to come together, share their stories, and showcase their talents. 

The powwow typically takes place over three days, and includes various competitions, such as dance and drumming contests, as well as cultural exhibitions and educational seminars. In addition to the main powwow events, there are also various food and craft vendors, as well as a Miss Indian World pageant. 

The Gathering of Nations has become a significant event for Native American communities, and serves as an opportunity to promote cultural preservation, awareness, and unity. 

All May: ALS Awareness Month
May is ALS, or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis month. ALS is a rare neurological disease affecting nerve cells that control voluntary moment. Individuals with ALS experience a degeneration of their motor neurons, which causes the muscles to stop receiving the signals needed to function. After time, the brain loses its ability to control voluntary movements, and those living with the disease become unable to walk, move, or breathe.   

During ALS Awareness Month, organizations and individuals across the country come together to raise awareness about ALS and to support those who are living with the disease.

All May: Older Americans Month
Older Americans Month is recognized every May. The 2023 theme is Aging Unbound, which offers an opportunity to explore diverse aging experiences and discuss how communities can combat stereotypes. 

During Older Americans Month, organizations and individuals across the country come together to organize events, workshops, and activities that celebrate and support older adults. This includes everything from health fairs and fitness classes to social gatherings and volunteer opportunities.

All May: Mental Health Month
Millions of Americans face the reality of living with a mental illness.  

Mental Health Month was first observed in 1949 by Mental Health America, a nonprofit organization dedicated to promoting mental health and wellness. The goal of the observance is to reduce the stigma surrounding mental illness and to encourage people to seek help when they need it.  

This year’s campaign is focused on how surroundings impact mental health, and individuals are called upon to look around and look within. Topics involve safe and stable housing, healthy home environments, neighborhoods and towns, and the outdoors and nature. 

All May: Asian and Pacific Islander Heritage Month
Asian/Pacific encompasses all of the Asian continent and the Pacific Islands of Melanesia (New Guinea, New Caledonia, Vanuatu, Fiji, and the Solomon Islands), Micronesia (Marianas, Guam, Wake Island, Palau, Marshall Islands, Kiribati, Nauru and the Federated States of Micronesia) and Polynesia (New Zealand, Hawaiian Islands, Rotuma, Midway Islands, Samoa, American Samoa, Tonga, Tuvalu, Cook Islands, French Polynesia, and Easter Island).  

The month of May was chosen to commemorate the immigration of the first Japanese to the United States on May 7, 1843, and to mark the anniversary of the completion of the transcontinental railroad on May 10, 1869. The majority of the workers who laid the tracks were Chinese immigrants.

All May: Jewish American Heritage Month
Jews first arrived on American soil in 1654 in New Amsterdam. In search of better opportunities and lifestyles, they made the U.S. their new home base, finding in it a space where they could openly practice their faith and lead their lives freely. In April 2006, the whole month of May was dedicated to recognizing and honoring Jewish contributions and achievements. 

May 1: International Labor Day
International Labor Day, also known as May Day, is observed on May 1st every year. It is a global holiday that celebrates the achievements and contributions of workers around the world. 

The origins of International Labor Day can be traced back to the late 19th century when workers in the United States and Europe organized rallies and protests to demand better working conditions and fair wages. The holiday became an international observance in 1891, and today it is celebrated in many countries around the world. 

International Labor Day is a time to recognize the importance of workers and to advocate for their rights and well-being. It is also an opportunity to reflect on the progress that has been made in improving working conditions and to identify areas where further improvements are needed.

May 5: Cinco de Mayo
Cinco de Mayo is a yearly celebration held on May 5, which commemorates the anniversary of Mexico's victory over the French Empire at the Battle of Puebla in 1862. Cinco de Mayo has become associated with the celebration of Mexican-American culture. Celebrations began in California, where they have been observed annually since 1863. 

May 10: Dia de Las Madres
"Día de las Madres" is the Spanish term for Mother's Day, which is observed in many countries around the world, including the United States and many Latin American countries. It is a day to honor and celebrate mothers and mother figures for their love, sacrifice, and hard work. 

In many Latin American countries, "Día de las Madres" is observed on May 10th, which is the anniversary of the death of the Mexican poet and journalist, Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz. However, in the United States and other countries, Mother's Day is typically observed on the second Sunday in May. 

Celebrations of "Día de las Madres" vary from country to country, but common traditions include giving gifts or flowers, preparing special meals or treats, and spending time with family. Many churches also hold special services or masses to honor mothers and mother figures. 

May 12: International Nurses Day
International Nurses Day is observed annually on May 12th to celebrate and honor the contributions of nurses around the world. The day was established in 1974 by the International Council of Nurses (ICN) to mark the birthday of Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing. 

The theme for 2023 is Our Nurses. Our Future. Our Nurses. Our Future. That theme sets out what is wanted for the future of nursing:  to address the global health challenges and improve global health for all. Nurses need to learn from the lessons of the pandemic and translate these into actions for the future that ensure nurses are protected, respected, and valued.

May 17: International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia, and Biphobia
The International Day Against Homophobia, Transphobia, and Biphobia (IDAHOT) is observed annually on May 17th to raise awareness about the discrimination and violence faced by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ+) people around the world. 

The day was first observed in 2004 and has since become an important global event, with organizations and individuals around the world coming together to promote LGBTQ+ rights and equality. The theme of IDAHOT for 2023 is “Together always: united in diversity.” 

May 19: Malcolm X's Birthday
Malcolm X was an influential American Muslim minister and human rights activist who was born on May 19, 1925. He was a prominent figure in the civil rights movement in the United States, advocating for the rights of Black Americans and the end of racial discrimination. 

May 20: National Armed Forces Day
Armed Forces Day is a special holiday for people all over the world to come together and thank the men and women of the United States Armed Forces. First conceived by President Harry S. Truman, the holiday was established in 1949. The creation of a single-day celebration for all five branches of the United States military made sense due to its recent unification under the Department of Defense. Today, Armed Forces Day is celebrated on the third Saturday of every May, this year falling on May 20. 

May 22: Harvey Milk Day
Harvey Milk was the first openly gay politician to be elected to public office in California, serving on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors from 1977 to 1978. His life and political career embody the rise of the LGBTQ+ civil rights movement. While in office, Milk advocated for the rights of the LGBTQ+ community. Milk was assassinated in 1978 by Dan White, a former colleague on the Board of Supervisors. On October 11, 2009, former California Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger established Harvey Milk Day to be held as a significant observance on May 22, Milk’s birthday. 

May 23: Buddha Purnima/Vesak 
Buddha Purnima, also known as Vesak or Buddha Jayanti, is a Buddhist holiday that celebrates the birth, enlightenment, and death of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. The holiday is observed on the full moon day in the month of Vaisakha, which falls in April or May in the Gregorian calendar. 

Buddha Purnima is an important holiday for Buddhists around the world, who come together to celebrate the life and teachings of the Buddha. Many people visit temples and monasteries to offer prayers and make offerings, and there are often processions and other public events that celebrate the holiday. 

One of the most important customs of Buddha Purnima is the practice of giving to others, which is known as dana in Buddhism. Many people use the holiday as an opportunity to donate to charity or to perform acts of kindness and generosity. 

May 26: Buddha’s Birthday 
Buddha's Birthday, also known as Hanamatsuri, is a holiday that celebrates the birth of Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. The holiday is celebrated in many parts of the world, including in countries such as Japan, South Korea, and Nepal, and is typically observed on different dates depending on the lunar calendar used in each country. 

In many Buddhist communities, Buddha's Birthday is celebrated by visiting temples and offering prayers and offerings to the Buddha. There may also be processions, parades, and other public events that celebrate the holiday. 

One of the most important traditions associated with Buddha's Birthday is the display of flowers and other decorations, which symbolize the beauty and purity of the Buddha's teachings. 

May 28: Trail of Tears
The Trail of Tears represents ethnic cleansing and forced relocations for many Native American nations after the Indian Removal Act was enacted in 1830. During this time, nearly 60,000 people were displaced until 1850. Members of Five Tribes, including Cherokee, Seminole, Muscogee, Choctaw, and Chickasaw, were removed from their homes and moved to a new Indian territory after the discovery of gold near their ancestral land.

May 29: Memorial Day
Memorial Day is a federal holiday in the United States for mourning the U.S. military personnel who have died while serving in the United States armed forces. It is observed on the last Monday of May.   

Memorial Day has its roots in the aftermath of the American Civil War, when communities began holding ceremonies to honor the soldiers who had died in battle. The holiday was originally known as Decoration Day, and it was marked by the decoration of the graves of fallen soldiers with flowers and flags. 

Over time, Memorial Day became a national holiday and expanded to include all U.S. military personnel who have died in the line of duty. It is now observed with ceremonies, parades, and other public events throughout the country, as well as with the placing of flags on the graves of military personnel. 

All June: Pride Month
June is Pride Month — a time when the LGBTQIA+ community comes together to commemorate the Stonewall riots, which occurred at the end of June 1969. These riots were a series of spontaneous demonstrations by the LGBTQ+ community against police raids and discrimination. They marked a significant turning point in the fight for LGBTQ+ rights in the United States and are often considered the catalyst for the modern LGBTQ+ rights movement.  

As a result, many pride events are held during this month to recognize the impact LGBTQIA+ people have had in the world. 

Pride Month serves as a reminder of the progress made in LGBTQ+ rights and the ongoing struggle for equality. It is a time to celebrate diversity, promote understanding, and support the LGBTQ+ community in their journey towards acceptance and equal rights. 

All June: Caribbean American Heritage Month
Caribbean American Heritage Month is an annual observance held in the United States during the month of June. It is a time to recognize and celebrate the contributions of Caribbean Americans to the history, culture, and achievements of the United States. 

The Caribbean American community in the United States is diverse and consists of people with roots in various countries and territories in the Caribbean, including but not limited to Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Haiti, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Barbados, and many others. 

The observance of Caribbean American Heritage Month aims to promote awareness and appreciation of the Caribbean American community's rich heritage, history, and contributions. It provides an opportunity to highlight the influence of Caribbean Americans in various fields, such as art, literature, music, sports, politics, business, and science. 

All June: Alzheimer’s & Brain Awareness Month 
June is dedicated as Alzheimer's & Brain Awareness Month by Alzheimer's Association Orange County Chapter. Worldwide, more than 55 million people are living with Alzheimer’s or another dementia. Throughout the month, the Alzheimer’s Association asks people around the world to wear Purple and use their brains to fight Alzheimer's disease.   

June 2: Indian Citizenship Act of 1924 
The Indian Citizenship Act of 1924, also known as the Snyder Act, was a law passed by the United States Congress on June 2, 1924. It granted citizenship to all Native Americans born in the United States. Prior to the passage of this act, Native Americans were not automatically considered U.S. citizens, despite being born within the country's borders. 

The Indian Citizenship Act was introduced by Representative Homer P. Snyder of New York and aimed to address the issue of Native Americans' citizenship rights. The act states: 

"That all noncitizen Indians born within the territorial limits of the United States be, and they are hereby, declared to be citizens of the United States: Provided, That the granting of such citizenship shall not in any manner impair or otherwise affect the right of any Indian to tribal or other property." 

The act effectively extended citizenship to approximately 125,000 Native Americans who were previously excluded from the rights and privileges of U.S. citizenship. It was an important step towards recognizing the equal status of Native Americans within the United States. 

June 6: D-Day
On June 6, 1944, 156,000 American, British, and Canadian forces landed on five beaches along a 50-mile stretch of the heavily fortified coast of France's Normandy region. The invasion was one of the largest military assaults in history and required extensive planning. The invasion resulted in the Allied liberation of Western Europe from Nazi Germany control. By late August 1944, all of northern France was liberated, and shortly after, the Allies defeated the German army. The D-Day landings have been called the beginning of the end of war in Europe. 

June 12: Loving Day
Loving Day is celebrated on June 12th each year and commemorates the landmark Supreme Court decision in the case of Loving v. Virginia, which struck down laws banning interracial marriage in the United States. The case involved Richard and Mildred Loving, an interracial couple who were married in 1958 in Washington, D.C., but faced legal challenges when they returned to their home state of Virginia, where interracial marriage was illegal at the time.

The Supreme Court's decision in Loving v. Virginia declared that laws prohibiting interracial marriage were unconstitutional, as they violated the Equal Protection and Due Process Clauses of the Fourteenth Amendment. The ruling effectively legalized interracial marriage throughout the United States.

Loving Day celebrates the Lovings' courage and the landmark decision that paved the way for marriage equality and the recognition of love and relationships regardless of race. It serves as a reminder of the importance of love, equality, and the ongoing struggle for civil rights and social justice.

June 14 to June 19: The Hajj
Hajj is an annual pilgrimage to Mecca, Saudi Arabia, and is one of the five pillars of Islam. It is a religious duty that every able-bodied and financially capable Muslim is expected to perform at least once in their lifetime. Hajj takes place during the Islamic month of Dhu al-Hijjah and culminates with the celebration of Eid al-Adha. 

The pilgrimage to Mecca is considered a deeply significant event for Muslims, as it commemorates the actions of the Prophet Muhammad and the trials of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham in Judeo-Christian traditions) and his family. It is believed that Mecca is the birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad and the location where the Kaaba, the holiest shrine in Islam, is situated.

June 14: Flag Day
In the United States, Flag Day is celebrated June 14. This day commemorates the adoption of the flag of the United states in 1977. The United States approved the design for its first national flag, which was designed as thirteen stripes, alternate red and white, and thirteen white stars in a blue field.  

—Did you know there is a box at Northwood Community Park where you can bring American flags that are torn and tattered? It was established in 2015 by Gianluca Allesina of Irvine Boy Scout Troop 616 for his Eagle Scout Service Project. Flags dropped off at the retirement box will be properly disposed of. You can find the box next to the entrance to the Community Center on the side of the building facing the playground.

June 16: Eid al-Adha
Eid al-Adha, also known as the Festival of Sacrifice, is an important religious holiday celebrated by Muslims worldwide. It commemorates the willingness of the Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to Allah (God). 

Eid al-Adha falls on the 10th day of Dhu al-Hijjah, the last month of the Islamic lunar calendar, and lasts for four days. 

Eid al-Adha is a significant occasion in the Islamic calendar, representing devotion, faith, and sacrifice. It encourages Muslims to reflect on the values of selflessness, obedience, and compassion. The celebration of Eid al-Adha serves as a reminder of the importance of devotion to Allah and caring for others in the community. 

June 19: Juneteenth
Juneteenth dates back to June 19, 1865, and is the oldest known annual observance commemorating the abolishment of slavery in the United States. Juneteenth became a celebration of freedom and achievement, gathering family and communities with food, entertainment, spiritual and religious ceremonies, and cultural storytelling. Today, Juneteenth takes on a symbol of pride in African American experiences and ancestral roots that is recognized annually across the country. 

June 20: World Refugee Day
World Refugee Day is an international day organized every year on June 20 by the United Nations. It is designed to celebrate and honor refugees from around the world. The day was first established in June 2001, in recognition of the 50th anniversary of the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees. World Refugee Day shines a light on the rights, needs, and dreams of refugees, helping to mobilize political will and resources so refugees not only survive, but also thrive. 

June 21: National Aboriginal Day
National Aboriginal Day is a day recognizing and celebrating the cultures and contributions of the First Nations, Inuit, and Métis Indigenous peoples of Canada. The day also celebrates the distinct cultures and unique traditions of these native communities. Festivities celebrating the day are held all throughout Canada every year on June 21. 

June 27: Helen Keller Day
Helen Adams Keller was an American author, disability rights advocate, political activist and lecturer. Born in West Tuscumbia, Alabama, she lost her sight and her hearing after a bout of illness at the age of 19 months. Helen Keller day is recognized on June 27 to commemorate her birthday and honor her successes overcoming blindness and deafness while paving the way for others to do the same.

July 1: Canada Day
Canada Day formerly known as Dominion Day, is the national day of Canada. A federal holiday, it celebrates the anniversary of Canadian Confederation which occurred on July 1, 1867, with the passing of the British North America Act, 1867 where the three separate colonies of the United Canadas, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick were united into a single Dominion within the British Empire called Canada. 
Canada Day celebrations take place throughout the country, as well as in various locations around the world attended by Canadians living abroad. 

July 2: Thurgood Marshall's Birthday
Thurgood Marshall's birthday is on July 2nd. He was born on July 2, 1908. Thurgood Marshall was an influential American lawyer and civil rights advocate who made significant contributions to the advancement of civil rights in the United States. 

Marshall's most notable achievement was his pivotal role in the landmark case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka in 1954. As the lead attorney for the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Marshall successfully argued before the U.S. Supreme Court that racial segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. This groundbreaking decision declared that separate educational facilities for different races were inherently unequal, marking a major turning point in the fight against racial segregation and laying the foundation for subsequent civil rights advancements. 

July 4: Independence Day
Independence Day, or the Fourth of July is celebrated in the United States of America and is a federal holiday that commemorates the Declaration of Independence, which was ratified on July 4, 1776. The Second Continental Congress declared that the thirteen original colonies were no longer subject to the British Monarchy, and were now united, free, and independent states. Independence Day is celebrated across the U.S. with fireworks, parades, barbecues, fairs, and ceremonies to signify our celebration of freedom. 

July 6: Dalai Lama's Birthday
The Dalai Lama is a title given to the spiritual leaders of Tibetan Buddhism. It is believed to be the manifestation of Avalokiteshvara, the Bodhisattva of Compassion. The current and 14th Dalai Lama is Tenzin Gyatso, who was born on July 6, 1935, in northeastern Tibet.  

July 7: Hijri New Year 
The Islamic New Year, also called the Hijri New Year or Arabic New Year, is the day that marks the beginning of a new lunar calendar. The Islamic calendar is lunar-based and only 354 days long. Islamic New Year falls on July 7 of the Gregorian calendar this year. The word Hijri is derived from Hijra meaning migration. The starting point of the Islamic calendar is the migration of Prophet Muhammad from Mecca to Medina in 622 AD. 

The Dalai Lama is renowned for his teachings on compassion, peace, and nonviolence and is considered a prominent advocate for human rights and religious harmony worldwide.

July 10: Chronic Disease Day 
Chronic Disease Day is held on July 10 because chronic diseases account for seven out of the 10 leading causes of death in America and more than 90 percent of our annual healthcare spending. The day is an opportunity to reevaluate what individuals and organizations can do to lower the number of preventable illnesses and better support those with unpreventable conditions. 

July 14: Bastille Day
Bastille Day, also known as French National Day, is the anniversary of the storming of the Bastille on July 14, 1789. Originally built as a medieval fortress, the Bastille eventually came to be used as a state prison, where citizens were detained by the authorities for trial, often by direct order of the king, with no appeal. Bastille had come to symbolize the harsh rule of the monarchy. The taking of the Bastille signified the beginning of the French Revolution and is celebrated today with parades, fireworks, parties, and other celebrations.   

July 18: Nelson Mandela International Day
Nelson Mandela International Day celebrates the idea that each individual has the power to transform the world and the ability to make an impact. The day was originally set by the United Nations on his birthday, July 18. Mendela remains a symbol of power by resisting oppression, choosing dignity over humiliation, speaking up during injustice, and forgiving rather than hating. In honor of his 67 years of public service, the Nelson Mandela Foundation and the United Nations ask that individuals spend 67 minutes of their time helping others. 

July 25: Hire a Veteran Day
On July 25th, National Hire a Veteran Day reminds employers to consider veterans to fill their open positions. As highly trained, qualified individuals, they are ideal for numerous trades and are in search of civilian employment when they leave the service. 

July 26: National Disability Independence Day & Disability Pride Month
This day commemorates the signing of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990, which prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities and aims to ensure their equal rights and opportunities.  

National Disability Independence Day commemorates the signing of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) July 26, 1990. The ADA provides protection from employment discrimination as well as better access to goods, services, and communications for people with disabilities.  

The City of Irvine is an Equal Opportunity Employer and provides reasonable accommodations to qualified individuals with disabilities. 

July 27: National Korean War Veterans Armistice Day
On National Korean War Armistice Day we recognize and pay tribute to the Korean War veterans. 

The Korean War began June 25, 1950, with the North Korean army's invasion of South Korea. On July 27, 1953, the Korean Armistice Agreement was signed ending the war, now officially recognized as Armistice Day. At 10 a.m. that day, in Panmunjom, 18 official copies of the tri-language Korean Armistice Agreement were signed. The signing of the agreement marked the end of the longest negotiated armistice in history with 158 meetings spread over two years and 17 days.